Romanian Apple Tree Varieties With Great Qualities and Flavors
Apples, as other fruits grown in Romania, are much appreciated for their more natural taste. The popular American variety Jonathan grown in Voinesti (south of the country) makes growers in Hungary or Poland envious. There are great natural conditions for growing the trees and also a fine storing technique that allows the fruit to ripen naturally. Moreover, Romanian researchers in the field have come up with new varieties. Here are five Romanian apple tree varieties spread in almost every part of the country.
Romanian apple tree varieties. Radaseni
This variety was obtained by the pollination of the Jonathan, in the north of Moldavia.
The tree has medium vigor and a round top. It starts to fruit in the 4th year, is fairly productive and has better resistance to scab and mildew than the Jonathan.
The fruit is medium-size to large (5 – 6.7 ounces), round and battered shaped, with yellow covered in scarlet skin and yellow, juicy pulp that has a harmonious, balanced taste.
It’s fully ripe September to November.
Romanian apple tree varieties. Frumos de Voinesti (Belle of Voinesti)
Obtained from Jonathan and Belle de Boskoop crossing, this famous Romanian cultivar is spread in the south, on the hills below the Carpathians.
It has great vigor in the nursery and moderate in the orchard. The top is round, relatively thick. Produces a lot and constantly beginning its 3rd year.
The fruit is medium-size, weighing 5 – 6 oz on average, round shaped or round and battered. The skin is yellow filled with orange red and coral on almost all the surface. The skin is fine, elastic, onctuous and bright, giving the fruit a fine look. The pulp is crunchy, but melts in the mouth, colored creamy white, juicy, sweet and fine-flavored.
It’s ripe October to December and at its best in November.
Romanian apple tree varieties. Rosu Stettin (Stettin Red)
Grown right, Rosu de Stettin will offer you fruit for as long as you live and will continue to produce for the next generation, as it reaches a respectable age of 70 – 90 years.
With the right soil and climate, it grows vigorous and quite large. It prefers humid, thick soils, without water in excess, at a 600 – 650 meters altitude limit. It has a good frost resistance, but not so good towards scab, mildew and cancer, especially if grown in stagnant water areas.
The fruit is medium-size, 5 oz on average. It’s perfectly round, with a glazed skin colored in green that turns yellow when fully ripe and raspberry red where it is sun exposed.
Romanian apple tree varieties. Sovari Nobil
Sovari Nobil is grown mainly in the north and west of Transylvania. It has profuse productions and a life span of 90 – 100 years, but only starts fruiting when it’s 8 – 10 years old.
The tree is vigorous, with a round-shaped top. They bloom late, so they are not affected by the late spring rime.
The fruit is medium or large in size, round or battered round, and take transportation and storage very well.
The skin is greenish yellow to bright yellow, covered mostly in purple red with bright red stripes.
The greenish yellow pulp is juicy, sweet and fresh, with a fairly strong taste. It’s a drought, frost, disease and pest resistant variety.
Romanian apple tree varieties. Patul (Barn)
Patul is considered the best Romanian variety, grown in Valea Muresului and the rest of Transylvania mostly.
Its name comes from the place where it was traditionally stored – in hay inside the barn. It’s harvested in October and is good for consumption until April-May the next year.
It has good vigor and resistance to frost and offers profuse production. The fruit is apparently very sought after by diabetics, having a balanced content of sugar acidity.
It’s medium-size, round and slightly battered, colored from greenish to light yellow. The pulp is white or greenish, very juicy, sweet and fresh with a discrete flavor.
Read about Romanian popular cherry tree varieties HERE.
Credits: pom-fructifer.ro, sporulcasei.ro. agrointel.ro
Photo credits: pom-fructifer.ro, sporulcasei.ro, turism.bzi.ro